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"Growth in traffic 1882 - 1960"
The first tunnels through the Gotthard, Simplon and Lötschberg mountains are built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Traffic levels then increase more sharply than expected. Lines are electrified and upgraded, locomotives become more powerful, and trains start to run more frequently. A radical solution, first mooted in the years between the two world wars, comes to the fore in the 1950s: longer, lower-lying base tunnels.
When it opens, the first tunnel through the Gotthard is the longest rail tunnel in the world. It is mostly financed by foreign capital.View event
Spitteler, Moeschlin and Schädelin are just some of the writers captivated by the Gotthard railway.View event
After the Gotthard, the Simplon Tunnel becomes the second rail line through the Swiss Alps. Now, western Switzerland is connected to the south.View event
The SBB is created following the nationalisation of Switzerland’s major private railways. The last to be integrated is the Gotthard, which proves to be the most profitable line.View event
The Lötschberg line and its tunnel connect Switzerland’s western plateau with Italy.View event
Railways are a comparatively environmentally friendly means of transport. In the Alps, however, they come up against the forces of nature.View event
Electrification of the Gotthard line is completed in 1924. Switzerland now gets the energy to power its trains from its own hydroelectric plants rather than coal from Prussia.View event
An engineer has a vision: from Basel to Chiasso by rail in just two hours – time enough for a shower, a haircut and some telephone calls.View event